Pyramid of Khufu

Of the Seven Ancient Wonders of the World, the Pyramid of Khufu is the only one that remains. The Pyramid of Khufu also happens to be the largest pyramid in Egypt, and it is centrally located in Giza. The structure goes by many names, including the Great Pyramid of Giza and the Pyramid of Cheops. Historians believe that the Pyramid of Khufu was built in 2560 BC, and that construction took anywhere from 10 to 20 years.

Pyramid of Cheops

The pyramid is named as it is because it is believed to be the tomb for Khufu, the Egyptian Pharaoh from the Fourth Dynasty. It was Khufu’s vizier Hemiunu who is said to be the architect of the incredible pyramid structure. Construction involved more than two million blocks which had to be transported from local quarries, and the primary materials used included limestone, granite and mortar. Today, the Pyramid of Khufu stands at 139 meters (455 feet) tall, but erosion means that it may be shorter today than it was at the time of construction.

If you visit the Pyramid of Khufu, you can enter the structure, although there are only 300 tickets sold each day to visitors. If you’re lucky enough to snag a ticket, you’ll enter about 15 meters (50 feet) above ground, via the north face. A tunnel heading upward will lead you through some of the interior chambers that make up the pyramid. You won’t want to miss the chance to tour the Queen’s Chamber, the King’s Chamber and the Grand Gallery. There are also five Relieving Chambers, which were never intended to be visible and only exist to protect the King’s Chamber from collapse or shifting over time. As you tour the Pyramid of Khufu, keep in mind that most of the historic artifacts that were placed within the structure at the time of Khufu’s death were stolen centuries ago, and what remained in recent history has been transported to museums around the world.